This INDAM Intensive Period will be divided into three sessions on different topics:
The idea of the Intensive Period is to have some interesting mini courses for PhD students and researchers and regular talks, but also time for discussions and collaboration in the beautiful setting of the city of Pisa.
A preliminary calendar of the mini-courses is available here.
There will be other special activities organized during the intensive period:
First session: Vertex algebras, W-algebras, and applications
Since the 60's, the theory of semisimple Lie algebras has been generalized in many directions. Vertex algebras have been introduced by Borcherds in the 80's, drawing from Conformal Field Theory in physics, in the study of representations of the Fischer monster group. Lie superalgebras, and more recently n-superalgebras, are a natural generalization of Lie algebras and have gained growing importance in mathematics and theoretical physics, in the last few decades. Finally, quantizations of the enveloping algebra of a Lie algebra, the so-called quantum groups, have been introduced by Drinfeld and Jimbo in the 80's as an important tool in the study of classical problems, and have found applications in distant areas of mathematics.
In this special period we want to focus on the application of such structures towards problems in mathematical physics.
In particular, we will be interested in the important problem of classifying Hamiltonian structures and the corresponding
completely integrable systems via Poisson vertex algebras.
Second session: Lie Theory and Representation Theory
The study of geometry and representations of affine Lie groups and algebras achieved an increasing importance in the last 30 years starting with the connection with modular representation theory (Lusztig conjecture) and to the study of vector bundles on curves (solution of the KP equation and proof of Verlinde's formula).
In certain cases the theory for affine algebras, even if presenting many more technical subtleties, follows closely the finite case. Indeed, it is possible to generalize some of the constructions and results which hold for semisimple Lie algebras: the theory of highest weight representations, topological properties of the singular locus of Schubert varieties in connection with Hecke algebras, the standard monomial theory applied to the description of the algebraic geometric aspects of the affine Grassmannian and Schubert varieties. Further aspects, while well-understood in the finite-dimensional case, turn out to give rise to new interesting phenomena, as for the Springer fibers. Finally, for this class of algebras completely new questions arise, such as the theory of critical level representations.
The theory of affine Lie algebras and affine Lie groups find applications to many subjects in Lie theory and algebraic geometry. We have already mentioned the relations with modular representation theory and the moduli space of vector bundles on curves, but they are also the central object in the geometric Langlands program, and they are intimately connected with the local models of Shimura varieties.
The intent of finding an algebraic proof for the Kazhdan-Lusztig conjecture on characters of irriducible modules
for semisimple and affine Lie algebras, motivated Soergel conjecture. This consists in a purely algebraic statement,
in terms of ranks of certain bimodules, which Soergel proved to imply the Kazhdan-Lusztig conjecture. Soergel's conjecture
has been recently proven by Elias and Williamson, by adapting to this setting ideas from the work of de
Cataldo and Migliorini and making use of categorification techniques.
Third session: Algebraic topology, geometric and combinatorial group theory
An important part of the present project is centered around the study of the geometry, topology and combinatorics of subspace and toric arrangements and of their wonderful models.
We will focus on the role which arrangements, configurations spaces and their compactifications play in several fields of mathematical research: subspace and toric arrangements, toric varieties and tropical geometry, moduli spaces of curves, configuration spaces, box splines, index theory, discrete geometry, Coxeter groups and Artin groups, mapping class groups, loop spaces. Minicourses during this session will enlight the connections of all this topics with algebraic topology, combinatorics and geometric group theory.