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Quantum simulations and quantum walks

Chiral Symmetry in Quantum Walks

speaker: Asboth Janos (Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, Wigner RCP, Budapest, Hungary)

abstract: Discrete-time quantum walks (DTQW) have topological phases that are richer than those of time-independent lattice Hamiltonians. Even the basic symmetries, on which the standard classification of topological insulators hinges, have not yet been properly defined for quantum walks. We introduce the key tool of time frames, i.e., we describe a DTQW by the ensemble of time-shifted unitary time-step operators belonging to the walk. This gives us a way to consistently define chiral symmetry (CS) for DTQW's. We show that CS can be ensured by using an “inversion symmetric” pulse sequence. For one-dimensional DTQW's with CS, we identify the bulk Z×Z topological invariant that controls the number of topologically protected 0 and π energy edge states at the interfaces between different domains, and give simple formulas for these invariants. We illustrate this bulk-boundary correspondence for DTQW's on the example of the “4-step quantum walk,” where tuning CS and particle-hole symmetry realizes edge states in various symmetry classes.

Thu 14 Nov, 11:00 - 11:30, Sala Stemmi
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